What Are the Prerequisites for Using an AAC Device (Augmentative/Alternative Communication)?
In short, there are none! But let me explain why:
This is the most common question I get from parents and therapists working with non-verbal children who are considering augmented or alternative communication systems or devices (AAC) for a child. There seem to be a pre-conceived notion that there are some pre-requisite skills that a child must have before they can be considered a candidate for AAC. This is simply not true. In fact, AAC can actually help a child learn those skills more quickly. The following examples will explain what I mean. I will mention some common “pre-requisite skills” that I hear about for AAC children and then I will explain why each one is not necessary before AAC can be initiated.
Prerequisite Myth #1: The Child Doesn’t Understand Cause and Effect
Cause and effect is the basis for communication. If a child doesn’t understand then an action they take causes something to happen, they will not try to communicate to cause something to happen either. Some people believe that this means a child cannot use AAC if they don’t understand cause/effect. In fact, AAC can be used to teach cause and effect as well as communication at the same time. There are devices called “big mack switches” by Mayer-Johnson that are a single large button that when pushed, will speak one pre-recorded message. (Follow any of my affiliate links in this article and Mayer Johnson will give you free shipping!) Let’s say your child really likes Cheerios. You can record your voice on the button saying “cheerio” so that every time the button is pushed it will say that message. Now, help your child move her hand to push the button. When it says “Cheerio”, respond as though your child had just said the word: “Oh you want a Cheerio! Sure!” and promptly give your child a cheerio. Now, your child is beginning to learn that when she pushes the button, she gets a cheerio! That’s teaching her cause and effect and how to use an AAC device. It’s perfect!
Prerequisite Myth #2: The Child Doesn’t Understand that a Picture Represents an Object
One common problem for non-verbal children is that they don’t understand that the picture of the cheerio in front of him represents that cheerio in your hand that he wants. Fortunately, AAC devices can be used to teach your child that as well! If you are using a one-button talker, like the one mentioned above, simply attach a picture of what your child is requesting to the button. You can Velcro it on so that you can switch it out when your child wants something else. This will help your child begin to associate that picture with what he requests. Once your child is doing well at that, you can try a talker with two buttons, such as Mayer Johnson’s iTalk2 Communicator. For this device, put a picture of something your child really wants on one button (such as the cheerio) and then on the other button, put a picture of something your child really dislikes (such as anchovies). Then, when your child pushes the wrong button, give him the thing he dislikes. Once he figures out which button gets him which thing, start switching the pictures around so that he really has to look at the picture to make sure he requests the correct thing. This will help him understand that the picture of the cheerio is what will get him what he wants.
Prerequisite Myth #3: The Child Doesn’t Have Good Enough Motor Skills for AAC
Technology is an amazing thing and AAC companies have come up with tons of different ways for AAC users to access their devices, even if they do not have great motor skills. For example, you can get a device with larger buttons or with physical dividers that will make it easier for your child to get her finger onto the correct button. Or, your child could use a normal communication device but access it using a variety of easy-to-use switches, such as the following from Mayer Johnson:
- Proximity Switches: Your child only needs to move her hand near the switch for it to activate the talker
- Jelly Bean Switch: Can be positioned near any part of your child’s body so she can activate her talker with her head, leg, knee, foot, hand, elbow, etc.
- Tilt Switch: Will allow your child to access her talker by tilting her head.
- Step Pad: Allows your child to step on a button to activate the talker
- Eye Gaze Systems: The device will recognize what your child is looking at and speak that message.
Prerequisite Myth #4: The Child Doesn’t Understand Enough Language for AAC
There is nothing that says that children must have great language skills before they can start communicating! You can start with one button and one word that your child is able to say using a communication device. Your child only needs to understand that they want the thing they get when they push that button. The language skills will follow once he understands the effect that communicating has (it gets him what he wants!).
Prerequisite Myth #5: The Child Doesn’t Have Enough Interest in Communicating to Use AAC
This is one I commonly see in children with Autism. Parents or therapists will say “well, he never seems to want to communicate anything so I don’t think he would use a button to communicate either”. For some children, that may be the case, but you never know until you try. It is very likely that your child does not understand the power of communication. Once you teach your child that pushing a button will get her something she wants, you may be surprised how much her interest in communication grows. For many children, spoken words are much too difficult so verbal communication is not even an option. If that is the only means of communication they have been exposed to, they will not be very interested in communicating since it is so difficult for them. Once you give them an easier means of communicating, you may be able to show them how wonderful communication is and get them interested. Once they are interested in communicating, they begin making more attempts at verbal communication as well!
Prerequisite Myth #6: The Child Won’t Be Able to Keep Track of a Device When She Needs It
This is something that a lot of parents worry about when using AAC. What if the child doesn’t have the device nearby when she needs it? Then it won’t do us any good. You’re right! Mayer Johnson has come up with a great solution for this problem. They have created the Go Talk Buttons which are small buttons that only cost $14.00 each. These buttons contain one message but can be mounted anywhere in your house and would allow your child to request an object that is always near that location. For example, you might put a button on your fridge (using the built-in magnet) that says “juice” when your child pushes it. Since your child knows the juice is in the fridge, she will be likely to go there for the juice anyway and then there will be a communication device available for her. You could also have one near the door that says “play outside” or one near the bathroom that says “potty”. This is a great way to introduce your child to AAC because many children will lead an adult over to what they want anyway. Click Here to purchase this or any Mayer Johnson product on their website, you will also receive free shipping on your order by following my links!
I hope this helps you understand a little more about how AAC can be used with non-verbal and very young children. Using AAC is such a wonderful way to get non-verbal or unintelligible children to start talking and there are so many options out there. Many times, using an AAC device is just what is needed to give your child a jump-start to communicating and eventually get her talking!