- Explicitly teach narrative structure to children:
- Introduction: settings and characters
- Details/Body: Use first, next, then, and last to describe the details in order. Make sure the problem is presented in this section. The solution can go in here as well or in the next section.
- Conclusion: The solution should be presented if it hasn’t been already. Include a summary of what happened or the lesson learned. This section should include the main idea of the story in some way.
- Activities to teach and practice creating narratives
- Have the parts of a story written on note cards and have the child put them in order with what goes in the introduction, what goes in the body, and what goes in the conclusion.
- Read a story to the child and have the child identify these story elements
- Read a story to the child and have the child re-tell the story using this formula and these story elements
- Have the child use this formula to re-tell a recent past event in his/her life
- Have the child use this formula to make up a story with all story elements
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